A Clean Sweep?: The Politics of Ethnic Cleansing in Western by T. David Curp

By T. David Curp

A fresh Sweep? The Politics of Ethnic detoxification in Western Poland, 1945-1960 examines the long term impression of ethnic detoxing on postwar Poland, targeting the western Polish provinces of Poznan and Zielona G?ra. using archival fabrics from a number of assets, together with newly on hand mystery Police data, it demonstrates how ethnic detoxification solidified Communist rule within the brief time period whereas reshaping and "nationalizing" that rule. The Poles of Poznan performed a very important function within the postwar nationwide revolution during which Poland used to be ethnically cleansed via a joint attempt of the folk and country. A ensuing nationwide harmony supplied the Communist-dominated regime with an underlying balance, whereas it reworked what have been a militantly internationalist Polish Communism. This ebook addresses the legacy of Polish-German clash that ended in ethnic detoxification in East imperative Europe, the ramifications in the context of Polish Stalinism's social and cultural revolutions, and the next anti-national counterrevolutionary attempt to wreck the bonds of nationwide unity. eventually, it examines how the Poznan milieu undermined after which reversed Stalinist efforts at socioeconomic and cultural revolution. within the aftermath of the Poznan rebellion of June 1956, the regime's management re-embraced hyper-nationalist politics and activists, and by means of 1960 Polish professionals had succeeded in stabilizing their rule on the price of changing into an more and more nationwide socialist polity. T. David Curp is assistant professor within the division of heritage at Ohio collage.

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Additional info for A Clean Sweep?: The Politics of Ethnic Cleansing in Western Poland, 1945-1960 (Rochester Studies in Central Europe)

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51 The statement itself was not entirely accurate, since German Social Democrats in Łódź, many German Catholics in Upper Silesia, and a handful of other groups resisted conforming to the new regime in Germany. Yet the almost universal perception by Poles that the overwhelming majority of Poland’s Germans voluntarily embraced Nazi politics and culture deepened Polish hostility. 52 Neither Germans nor Poles (particularly those of Wielkopolska) were isolated from the Reich. 53 A large number of Polish nationalist political activists, journalists, and scholars who often had a fluent command of German also kept a close watch on affairs in the Reich.

57 Since 1926, Poland had been under the rule of the quasi dictatorship of the aging Marshall Piłsudski and his Sanacja government. In 1933, there were widespread rumors that Piłsudski favored launching a preventative war against Hitler’s nascent regime. 58 This adroit Nazi diplomacy ensured that rather than ushering in state-to-state conflict, Hitler’s regime brought about the first thaw in state-to-state relations between Poland and Germany since the end of the previous war. For Hitler this was part of an effort to present a more pacific face to world public opinion while Germany rearmed.

The conduct, duration, and intensity of the secession struggles that followed in these and other regions left deep wounds in both Poland and Germany—wounds rendered all the more septic by the intrusion of foreign powers. 29 In the midst of these divisions, German diplomats maneuvered adroitly to take advantage of the growing sympathy over their country’s postwar plight and the increasing antipathy for Poland in the years following the signing of the Treaty of Versailles. Eventually the Allies mandated plebiscites in two key disputed territories: the symbolically important southern half of East Prussia—Mazuria—as well as the mineral-rich and highly industrialized region of Upper Silesia.

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