A Cognitive Grammar Approach to Teaching Tense and Aspect in by Franka Kermer

By Franka Kermer

This quantity hyperlinks Cognitive Grammar motives to the world of second-language studying and suggested grammar educating. It represents a contribution to empirically established wisdom selling a brand new viewpoint at the technique of instructing and studying approximately English language buildings. The theoretical a part of the booklet offers an summary of the fundamental tenets of Cognitive Grammar, and discusses components of the speculation which are of an important significance for realizing English stressful and point buildings. the second one half brings jointly those fields of analysis and checks a Cognitive Grammar method of educating demanding and point to much less complex rookies of English. To this finish, an experimental learn used to be carried out, evaluating the consequences of Cognitive Grammar-inspired guide at the language studying technique with these of educating equipment which hire extra conventional grammatical descriptions. As such, the publication is of specific relevance to Cognitive Grammar learn, and second-language studying and educating study, and for rookies and academics of a international language.

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Furthermore, usage events have unit-like status and are characterised as consisting of detailed semantic structures, patterns of intonation and grammatical forms. Usage events are established as a cognitive pattern in the language user’s mind when they are sufficiently entrenched and, in consequence, able to be carried out more or less automatically12. Entrenchment and relative frequency of occurrence of constructions are intimately related to each other: “the greater the frequency of a linguistic unit in the language input the more entrenched the unit is likely to become” (Evans, 2007, p.

In other words, as Ellis and Cadierno (2009) put it, subtle linguistic choices “structure concepts and window attention to aspects of experience through the options specific languages make available to speakers” (p. 123). The most fundamental concept underlying the usage-based view of language is that of the usage event. According to Langacker (1999; 2007; 2009c), a usage event is an actual, situated instance of language use, which is culturally and contextually embedded and represents an instance of linguistic behaviour (Langacker, 2007, p.

The emphasis on context and actual language use ties in with the language user’s active role in putting language together, as well as with his responsibility to command not only the linguistic resources but also factors of the social and cultural context (Waara, 2004, p. 55). In a communication situation, the language user’s choice of linguistic structures is determined by his perspective relative to the situation, which can result in an altered linguistic manifestation of the same propositional content (Achard, 2008; Bybee, 2008; Langacker, 1987).

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