A Companion to Epistemology (2nd Edition) by Ernest Sosa, Matthias Steup, Jonathan Dancy

By Ernest Sosa, Matthias Steup, Jonathan Dancy

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With approximately three hundred entries on key innovations, overview essays on crucial matters, and self-profiles by way of best students, this spouse is the main complete and up to date unmarried quantity reference consultant to epistemology.

- Epistemology from A-Z is created from 296 articles on vital epistemological innovations which were largely revised to deliver the quantity updated, with many new and re-written entries reflecting advancements within the field
- comprises 20 new self-profiles through major epistemologists
- comprises 10 new assessment essays on primary problems with epistemology

New to This Edition

- constructed from over 280 A-Z entries from best specialists which were largely revised to deliver the amount updated, with many new and re-written entries reflecting advancements within the field
- encompasses a new part on evaluation essays on easy difficulties to introduce readers to the most concerns within the field
- comprises new self-profile part with 20 entries via popular epistemologists
- Encyclopedic part greatly revised with new entries

The Wiley Advantage

- the main accomplished and up to date unmarried quantity reference advisor to epistemology
- contains over 260 A-Z entries from top specialists which were generally revised to carry the quantity updated, with many new and re-written entries reflecting advancements within the field
- features a new component of assessment essays on simple difficulties to introduce readers to the most concerns within the field
- features a new self-profile part with 20 entries by way of well known epistemologists

Reviews
"Recommended. Libraries assisting lower-level undergraduates via graduate students". (Choice, October 2010)

"This very good re-creation of A significant other to Epistemology bargains a completely complete, authoritative and state of the art evaluate of the sphere. it's going to, I'm certain, be imperative to these operating during this sector for a few years to come."
—Duncan Pritchard, college of Edinburgh

“A entire consultant to epistemology. the recent sections and enlargements make the better half distinct between publications to epistemology. i like to recommend it hugely to scholars in addition to professional epistemologists.”
—Matthew McGrath, collage of Missouri

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Additional info for A Companion to Epistemology (2nd Edition)

Sample text

What of premise 3? My sensory evidence for believing ~SK does not favor ~SK over SK, since I would have that same evidence regardless of whether I am in a world in which ~SK is true (a normal world) or, instead, in a world in which SK is true (a vat world). In other words, my sensory evidence fails to discriminate between ~SK and SK. Thus, it seems to follow that my evidence fails to justify me in believing that ~SK. Hence I do not know that ~SK, supposing that justification is a necessary condition for knowledge.

This seems to be an incorrect analysis of the situation. Contextualists are not without possible responses to puzzles like these. To the latter claims, they may argue that skepticism is not a view about whether people have knowledge but instead a view about the truth value of sentences containing the word “knows”. They are not forced to say that “skepticism” inherits the context sensitivity of “knows”. However, even if they are right about the word “skepticism”, it does seem that they are stuck with the result that much of what the teacher says at the beginning of class about what he will discuss may prove to be false because the context shifts once the skeptical hypotheses are introduced.

There is a large literature on the closure principle which decisively illustrates that it is difficult to formulate a precise version of the principle that is immune to worrisome objections. Nevertheless, to many, it seems clear that some sort of closure principle is true. At the 15 c on t e x t u a l i s m very least, many philosophers say, the particular application of the closure principle used in a suitably restricted version of this argument is beyond dispute. To say otherwise is to say that a person who knows that the proposition that he has hands entails that he is not a handless brain in a vat can be in the following situation: he knows that he has hands yet he does not know that he is not a handless brain in a vat.

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