A generative grammar of Kannada by A K Ramanujan

By A K Ramanujan

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Affixation is based on linear adjacency in that the resulting linearization is <(θ−α), δ, π> and not <θ, (δ−α), π>. It is the single leftmost element in the string which can serve as the host for the affixal predicate. I label this constraint in Nuu-chah-nulth the string adjacency effect. (31) String adjacency effect: An affixal predicate must be linearized as a suffix to the leftmost element in the string which is linearly adjacent to it. Which property of the grammar is responsible for this adjacency requirement?

Under the view that derivational opacity associated with DP and CP domains is tied to saturation, Nuu-chah-nulth presents evidence for variation in the permeability of these domains – specifically, against the universality of “escape hatches” for long-range processes. Turning to cross-linguistic variation in affixation, this chapter discusses affixation mechanisms other than local spell-out. First, affixation arising from local spell-out is contrasted with the more complex process of syntactic head movement.

IMP Let us put something sweet in our mouths. In (34), there are two affixal predicates: /u-Pal “taste of” and /u-Cuq “in mouth”. IMP). Recall that syntactic derivations are built from bottom to top. We assume the first step of the syntactic derivation to be one in which the predicate -Pal “taste of” joins with jamas “sweet” via Merge (Pal , jamas). ) (35) 3 -Pal jamas taste sweet Because –Pal is a suffix, this arrangement must be linearized at spell-out as “sweet-tasting”. Successive steps of Merge result in a longer string of morphemes.

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