By Mark Durie
Read Online or Download A grammar of Acehnese on the basis of a dialect of north Aceh (Verhandelingen van het Koninklijk Instituut voor Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde) PDF
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This ebook is split into 3 major topical sections: (1) Parent-child development of narrative, which specializes in features of the social interplay that facilitate oral narrative improvement in Spanish-speaking young ones; (2) constructing self sustaining narration via Spanish-speaking young ones; and (3) Narrative hyperlinks among Latino kid's oral narration and their emergent literacy and different tuition achievements.
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Extra resources for A grammar of Acehnese on the basis of a dialect of north Aceh (Verhandelingen van het Koninklijk Instituut voor Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde)
Statistical Distribution of Word Types In actua! discourse monosyllables (both clitics and non-clitics) are very common. Furthermore a relatively large proportion of basic vocabulary is monosyllabic. These tend to occur in discourse w i t h greater frequency than disyllables, but i n the vocabulary itself disyllables are more numerous. In a sample narrative passage of two hundred words there were 2 0 % clitics (monosyllables), 2 9 % monosyllabic non-clitic words, 4 4 % disyllables, 5 % tri-syllables, and 2 % reduplicated words.
However in Acehnese no such distinction exists. This means that all phonological representation in Acehnese is of lexical, not grammatical items. In English one could say that the suffix -ing of singing is a grammatical marker of the present participle, not part of the representation of the lexeme SING itself. Similarly John's could be regarded as being composed of a lexeme JOHN and a genitive marker 's. There is no such phonological representation of grammatical categories in Acehnese. Although Acehnese has no inflectional morphology - it does not mark for gender, case, person or number - it does have derivational morphology, using prefixation and infixation to form words from other words.
T h e Acehnese data gives a clear case of neutralisation of a contrast, and an analysis using archiphonemes (Trubetzkoy 1977:71 ff) would capture this appropriately. ] may contrast syllable initially. ] 'short'. T h i s kind of alternation does not exist in Acehnese and so the statement of Lawler (1977:22) that "glottal stop represents underlying / k / finally" is groundless. 2. 2 is analysed as a distinct phoneme because they contrast minimally with each other. A b d u l G a n i A s y i k (1972) provides a very complete set of minimal pairs.