By Guillaume, Antoine
This publication is an in depth fine quality descriptive grammar of the endangered Cavine?±a language (less than 1200 speakers), spoken within the Amazonian rainforest of Lowland Bolivia, a space the place the indigenous languages are almost unknown. Cavine?±a belongs to the Tacanan family members, comprising 5 languages, none of which has been the topic of an sufficient descriptive grammar. The grammar is primarily based at the wide fieldwork carried out through the writer in conventional Cavine?±a groups. solid within the functional-typological framework, and according to ordinary discourse info, the grammar provides an in depth and copiously exemplified account of so much points of the language, increase from easy degrees (phonetic and phonological) to better degrees (morphological and syntactic), and from short descriptions of every point to a extra accomplished description of an analogous point in particular chapters. The language includes a variety of strange positive factors that may be of curiosity to typologist linguists, corresponding to an strange pitch accessory approach, a morpho-phonological rule that deletes? case markers, an complex predicate constitution, a approach of verbal suffixes coding linked movement, a unusual prefix e? that attaches to nouns coding physique components and a fancy process of moment place clitic pronouns. The grammar can also be of curiosity to historical-comparative linguists, as for the 1st time one has sufficiently specific grammatical info to make attainable a competent comparability with different languages with which Tacanan languages may be comparable, specifically the Panoan family members, and to function enter into hypotheses concerning the inhabitants heritage of this a part of South the United States.
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Extra resources for A Grammar of Cavinena
Illustrative examples 17 Key’s (1963b) alphabet was slightly modified in the subsequent work by Camp and/or Liccardi. They notably left out a grapheme for a glottal stop and a liquid l — these are not independent phonemes in the language. In 1996, in the context of the reform for multicultural-bilingual education (Ley de Reforma Educativa, July 1994),12 I proposed a revised alphabet (Guillaume 1996), based on a more straightforward association between phonemes and graphemes. Notably, I proposed that the two graphemes qu and c, both representing /k/, be replaced by the grapheme k.
Tyabarepatya [ca] ‘give’ [baepaca] ‘at midday’ b. dyake jadya [ake] [haa] ‘very’ ‘thus’ c. kwati bakwa [kwati] [bakwa] ‘firewood’ ‘viper, snake’ [tsa] [katsa] ‘laugh’ ‘beat’ a. sawae-jasa [sawa] [ehasa] ‘green/blue’ ‘NPF-lung’ b. 1. 11) nasal a. masasama- [masa] [sama] ‘hard’ ‘cure’ b. nakaekwana [naka] [ekwana] ‘wet’ ‘1PL’ c. 3. Minimal pairs In the following, I provide minimal (or near minimal) pairs illustrating the major phonological contrasts in Cavineña. 12a-c); it is not contrastive for labialized velar stops.
The first figure comes from the socio-linguistic studies conducted by PROEIB Andes) (2000), the second from García Pérez (1998: 96). These figures correspond to people who identify themselves as Cavineña, but these are not necessarily speakers of the Cavineña language; it is my impression that probably not more than 1,200 of these people are fluent speakers of Cavineña. Most Cavineñas still live in traditional communities. 1. These are the most stable communities — new communities are regularly created while others frequently disappear — and those which I am most familiar with; see Map 2 for their location.