A grammar of Chichewa, a Bantu language of British Central by Mark Hanna Watkins

By Mark Hanna Watkins

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As I am not an expert on Portuguese or Romance languages, I shall not comment on the empirical content of Pensado's paper. I shall conclude by noting that if the facts are right, and they certainly seem to be to me, Pensado has not only presented an eminently plausible analysis but, like Morin (1988), also re-opened the window that was, unfortunately for generativism, closed by Kiparsky (1985). Her insistence that naturalism needs to go beyond its structuralist heritage should be seen not only as an immanent critique but also as a plea for coming fully to terms with what Wojcik — Hoard (this volume) correctly see as the fundamental difference between Natural Phonology and other phonologies.

I do, however, wonder if, given the clear recognition of what Hurch refers to as the semantical body, the stem > affix scale needs to be stated at all. In cases where the affix appears to take precedence, it is apparently lexically marked as such (cf. English non-). The precedence of the derivational piece will also seem to follow from the same semantic principle. Affixes are likely to get their accent not because it is placed on them but because it is displaced on them as some of them attract it by creating phonological configurations that cause a displacement for rhythmic reasons (cf.

It is important to emphasize that in the projection model, the strategy schema remains exactly the same as for other matters of lexical relatedness. Null is simply one of the values I can assume without affecting anything. I also think that Natural Phono(morpho)logy does not take its logic to its conclusion, particularly in morphology, possibly because of its heritage, almost as Paninian as that of generative morphology. Consider, for example, the idea of exceptions in morphology. Phonological theory does not seem to allow any and at least some theories of syntax do not need them.

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