A Grammar of Gaagudju by Mark Harvey

By Mark Harvey

This grammar presents an total description of Gaagudju, a now approximately extinct language of northern Australia. Gaagudju differs from so much formerly defined Australian languages in a couple of methods. It exhibits marked alterations within the realizations of under pressure and unstressed syllables. It has advanced structures of prefixation in addition to suffixation. there's a transparent contrast among efficient and unproductive morphology, with a large number of the morphology being unproductive. whereas note order is usually unfastened, strictly ordered phrasal compounding constructions are very important.

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2-51) a_a There are a number of forms which fulfil this phonological criterion, but which have not been observed to undergo the lenition. (2-52) bagarna-wa 'to chase' gaaga 'grandmother' There are two exceptions, which do not conform to the environment in (2-51). 2). While lenition of the velar stop is a synchronically active variation morpheme-medially, and generally morpheme-initially in verb roots and verbal suffixes, it cannot simply be described as a fast speech process in these circumstances.

It appears likely that these three lexemes are also borrowings Segmental phonology 33 from Amurdak. 2). As such uluunggulu may be analysed as a form which is perceptibly foreign to the lexicon of Gaagudju. It is not uncommon for perceptibly foreign lexemes to display exceptional phonological behaviour. 6 Lenition of the velar stop The velar stop shows lenited variants in both intervocalic and wordinitial position. It lenites to /y/ following /i/. Otherwise it either lenites to /w/, or shows complete lenition.

There are some limited materials on Limilngan (Harvey: to appear). 14 Chapter 1 Ngaduk This language is extinct and nothing is known of it. Place names in Ngaduk territory are generally compatible with the phonotactic patterns of Gaagudju. This suggests that it showed areal similarities to Gaagudju, at least. I have also commonly recorded the language name as Ngarduk with a medial retroflex stop. Umbugarla This language includes Umbugarla proper and Ngombur. ). The relationship between this language and the term Magabalal is presently uncertain.

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