By Katharina Haude
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Extra info for A grammar of Movima
23 /f/ Like the plosive /g/, the voiceless labiodental fricative /f/, pronounced as [f], only occurs in Spanish loans:16 (34) [ nf 'm : a] /enfer'me:ra/ [p 'f s ] /poro'fesor/ [fi' j ] /fi'de:jo/ ‘nurse’ ‘teacher’ ‘pasta’ (Sp. enfermera) (Sp. profesor) (Sp. fideo) In some cases, however, the Spanish /f/ is replaced by /p/: (35) [p ' :n ] [pi'j sta] /pe're:no/ /pi'jesta/ ‘breaks, mouthpiece of the bridle’ (Sp. freno) ‘fiesta’ (Sp. fiesta) /s/ /s/ is the voiceless alveolar fricative [s]. It occurs both in onset and in coda position.
In (11)a and (12)a, the vowel of the first syllable is short, as would be predicted from the lengthening rule (cf. 2). In (11)b and (12)b, in contrast, the vowel is long, even though it is not in penultimate position. (11) a. [ b. [ (12) a. [ a'l :si] b. e. in penultimate-syllable position. This is the case in (13)b and (14)b, which contrast with (13)a and (14)a: (13) a. [' : an] b. [' an] /'e: an/ /'e an/ ‘your name’ ‘your comb’ (14) a. ['h m s] b. ['h :m s] /'hemes/ /'he:mes/ ‘all the time’ ‘day’ Many of these cases can be explained, at least historically, by morphophonemics (cf.
Of a fruit)’ /la:'wit/ ‘soft’ / / is orthographically represented as