A Practical Grammar for Classical Hebrew by J. Weingreen

By J. Weingreen

A pragmatic Grammar for Classical Hebrew

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The more recent analysis of Bouma et al. 21 In such analyses, the synsem value of ate in Bagels, Kim ate would be represented as in (60). (60) ⎡ ⎢ ⎢ ⎢ ⎢ LOCAL ⎢ ⎢ ⎢ ⎢ ⎢ ⎣⎢ NONLOCAL | SLASH ⎡ ⎢CAT ⎢ ⎢ ⎢ ⎢ ⎢ ⎢CONT ⎢⎣ {ٗ3 } ⎡ SUBJ ⎢COMPS ⎢ ⎢ ARG-ST ⎢⎣ ⎡eat ⎢ EATER ⎢ EATEN ⎣ 4 〉 〈ٗ 〈 〉 ⎡ LOCAL 4 NPٗ1 , ٗ 5 NP ٗ ⎢ SLASH ⎣ ⎤ 1 ⎥ ٗ ⎥ 2 ⎦ ٗ ⎤⎤⎤ ⎥⎥⎥ ⎥⎥⎥ 3 ٗ2 ⎤ ٗ ⎥⎥⎥ {ٗ3 } ⎥⎦ ⎥⎦ ⎥ ⎥ ⎥⎥ ⎥⎥ ⎥⎥ ⎥⎦ ⎥ ⎥ ⎦⎥ Null pronouns are also treated as synsems selected via a head’s argument-structure list. They have no corresponding phrases in any daughter’s specifications, and for this reason they do not appear on any valence feature list.

For example, transitive idioms like wing, go at, out of … require an expletive object, as do object extraposition predicates like resent, take, depend upon …, which require a sentential complement in addition. The HPSG analysis is that the expletive it has a [per 3rd, num sg] index of sort it, the expletive there has a [per 3rd] index of sort there, and both index sorts are subsorts of the sort index, along with the referential subsort. (37) Hierarchy of index subtypes index referential it indiv-ind there sit-ind The appearance in there-constructions of agreement between the verb and its first object, as in (38), comes from the fact that the verb subcategorizes for a first complement whose num value is shared with that of its there subject.

It specifies tend’s subj value as having the same local value as the subj value of the VP that tend selects as its complement. Similarly, (41) represents a description of the valence value of a Raising verb in a structure where it happens to have a quirky-case infinitive complement. (41) ⎡ SUBJ ⎢ ⎢COMPS ⎣⎢ NP ] 1 ٗ ⎡ VFORM inf VP ⎢ [ LOC ٗ 1 [ CASE ⎣ SUBJ [ LOC ⎤ ⎥ ⎤ ⎥ gen] ⎥⎦ ⎦⎥ The structure-sharing of subj values entails that the case of the subject selected by the VP complement must be realized on the subject of the Raising verb taking that complement.

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