Abraham Lincoln and the Second American Revolution by James M. McPherson

By James M. McPherson

James McPherson has emerged as certainly one of America's best historians. Battle Cry of Freedom, his Pulitzer Prize-winning account of the Civil warfare, was once a countrywide bestseller that Hugh Brogan, in The long island occasions ebook Review, referred to as "history writing of the top order." In that quantity, McPherson amassed within the large sweep of occasions, the political, social, and cultural forces at paintings through the Civil battle period. Now, in Abraham Lincoln and the second one American Revolution, he deals a sequence of considerate and fascinating essays on points of Lincoln and the struggle that experience not often been mentioned in depth.

McPherson back monitors his willing perception and sterling prose as he examines a number of severe subject matters in American background. He appears to be like heavily on the President's position as Commander-in-Chief of the Union forces, exhibiting how Lincoln cast a countrywide army process for victory. He explores the significance of Lincoln's nice rhetorical talents, uncovering how--through parables and figurative language--he was once uniquely in a position to speak either the aim of the struggle and a brand new that means of liberty to the folks of the North. In one other part, McPherson examines the Civil battle as a moment American Revolution, describing how the Republican Congress elected in 1860 handed an superb blitz of latest legislation (rivaling the 1st hundred days of the recent Deal), and the way the battle not just destroyed the social constitution of the previous South, yet extensively altered the stability of energy in the United States, finishing 70 years of Southern strength within the nationwide government.

The Civil struggle was once the only such a lot reworking and defining adventure in American background, and Abraham Lincoln continues to be an important determine within the pantheon of our mythology. those swish essays, written through considered one of America's major historians, provide clean and strange views on either.

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29 That, unfortunately, is what happened. ”30 The Civil War did partially overthrow the existing social and political order in the South—overthrow it at least as much as did the English Revolution of the 1640s or the French Revolution of the 1790s. Neither of those revolutions totally destroyed the ancien régime, and both were followed by counterrevolutions that restored part of the old order, including the monarchy. But scarcely anyone denies the label revolution to those events in English and French history.

23 Or let us look at the economic condition of the freed slaves in the generation after emancipation. This is the issue that has attracted most of the attention of historians who deny the existence of meaningful change. The grim reality of sharecropping and rural poverty in the South seems at first glance to confirm their argument. But studies of the economic consequences of emancipation by Roger Ransom and Richard Sutch provide evidence for a different conclusion. In the first place, Ransom and Sutch point out, the abolition of slavery represented a confiscation of about three billion dollars of property—the equivalent as a proportion of national wealth to at least three trillion dollars in 1990.

Numerous abolitionists, radical Republicans, and radical army officers were saying the same things. The abolitionist Wendell Phillips was the most articulate spokesman for a revolutionary policy. He insisted that the Civil War “is primarily a social revolution. … The war can ony be ended by annihilating that Oligarchy which formed and rules the South and makes the war—by annihilating a state of so ciety. ” The congressional leader of the radical Republicans, Thaddeus Stevens, was equally outspoken.

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