By Nesset, Tore
This e-book is proper for phonologists, morphologists, Slavists and cognitive linguists, and addresses questions: How can the morphology-phonology interface be accommodated in cognitive linguistics? Do morphophonological alternations have a which means? those questions are explored through a complete research of stem alternations in Russian verbs. The research is couched in R.W. Langacker's Cognitive Grammar framework, and the booklet deals comparisons to different types of cognitive linguistics, equivalent to building Grammar and Conceptual Integration. The proposed research is in addition in comparison to rule-based and constraint-based techniques to phonology in generative grammar. with out resorting to underlying representations or procedural ideas, the Cognitive Linguistics framework enables an insightful method of summary phonology, supplying the real benefit of restrictiveness. Cognitive Grammar offers an research of a whole morphophonological procedure when it comes to a parsimonious set of theoretical constructs that each one have cognitive motivation. No advert hoc equipment is invoked, and the research yields robust empirical predictions. one other virtue is that Cognitive Grammar can establish the which means of morphophonological alternations. for instance, it really is argued that stem alternations in Russian verbs conspire to sign non-past which means. This booklet is on the market to a large readership and gives a welcome contribution to phonology and morphology, which were understudied in cognitive linguistics.
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Extra resources for Abstract Phonology in a Concrete Model: Cognitive Linguistics and the Morphology-Phonology Interface
2. Features as schemas for Russian vowel phonemes The conception of features as schemas is ﬂexible in that it does not preclude redundancy. 2 are sufﬁcient to distinguish between the ﬁve vowel phonemes in Russian, there is nothing in the theory that would prevent the linguist (or the language user) from adding schemas. A schema [front] would, for instance, cover the default allophones of /i, e/. 2, we shall see that this schema proves useful in the analysis of the softening alternation. Viewing features as schemas also yields a ﬂexible approach insofar as it allows for features that generalize over other features.
4. First-order and second-order schemas order schemas” since they are schemas over schemas that are connected via categorizing relationships. 4 consists of the two schemas to the left as well as the extension relation connecting them. It is thus more complex than the two schemas to the left, for which I shall use the term “ﬁrst-order schema”. Notice that second-order schemas are not at variance with the content requirement cited in (1). Metaphorically speaking, such schemas are “molecules” consisting of the “atoms” mentioned in the content requirement; they do not contain structures that are not licensed by the content requirement.
They are non-contrastive segments (allophones). Language users can form a more inclusive schema generalizing over all the schemas with the non-fronted [a]. Since this allophone occurs in all environments except between palatalized consonants, it represents the default allophone and no particular context can be speciﬁed. The schema therefore only contains the vowel preceded and followed by suspension points. On a higher level of generality, language users may form a schema for both allophones in order to capture that they are both low vowels.