Adjectives and Adverbs: Syntax, Semantics, and Discourse by Louise McNally, Christopher Kennedy

By Louise McNally, Christopher Kennedy

During this quantity major researchers current new paintings at the semantics and pragmatics of adjectives and adverbs, and their interfaces with syntax. Its issues contain the semantics of gradability; the connection among adjectival scales and verbal point; the connection among which means and the positions of adjectives and adverbs in nominal and verbal projections; and the fine-grained semantics of alternative subclasses of adverbs and adverbs. Its objectives are to supply a finished imaginative and prescient of the linguistically major structural and interpretive houses of adjectives and adverbs, to focus on the similarities among those different types, and to sign the significance of a cautious and targeted integration of lexical and compositional semantics. The editors open the e-book with an summary of present examine sooner than introducing and contextualizing the rest chapters. The paintings is geared toward students and complex scholars of syntax, semantics, formal pragmatics, and discourse. it's going to additionally entice researchers in philosophy, psycholinguistics, and language acquisition drawn to the syntax and semantics of adjectives and adverbs.

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Extra resources for Adjectives and Adverbs: Syntax, Semantics, and Discourse (Oxford Studies in Theoretical Linguistics)

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A long thick rope b. a thick long rope (48) a. a lengthy thin cord b. a thin lengthy cord Scott’s proposed hierarchy does not seem to admit the necessary flexibility. Even thin long is not completely impossible. (49) a. thin long strands of pasta b. a thin long charm necklace c. thin long legs Suppose, with Kayne (1994), that each head supports at most one specifier. If that is the case, then there cannot be more than one modifier per functional head in the DP (as suggested by Cinque 1994). This would mean that the possibilities for attachment reduce as more adjectives are added.

The Ezafe vowel é appears in between, suffixed to the noun. ’ The two are connected by Ezafe, which also appears internally, between the preposition and its object. ’ No Ezafe appears in this case; the relative clause initial -î is a distinct morpheme. 1 (1) a. otâq-é besyar kuchik room-ez very small “very small room” (AP) b. xune-yé [kenar-é dærya] house-ez next-ez sea “house on the beach” (PP) c. otâq-î ké bozorg ast room-rel that big is “room that is big” (CP) The Ezafe construction raises a number of interesting questions, not the least of which is: What is the Ezafe morpheme?

A third important type of classifier is the noun classifier, which typically sorts nouns by material qualities or essences (see Craig 1986, Grinevald 2000). These sometimes cooccur with sortal or numeral classifiers, and again, Akatek provides an example of cooccurrence. Akatek has a set of fourteen noun 1 On the distinction between classifiers and markers of noun class or gender like the nominal prefixes of the Bantu languages, cf. g. Heine (1982), Dixon (1986). ) alongside the three numeral classifiers and the set of sortal classifiers.

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