By Ignacio Bosque
The ebook starts off through summarizing, commenting on, and comparing prior descriptive and theoretical contributions on Spanish exclamatives. This introductory evaluate additionally encompasses a precise category of Spanish exclamative grammatical varieties, besides an research in their major properties. Special recognition is dedicated within the booklet throughoutto the syntactic buildings displayed by way of exclamative styles; the diversities among exclamations and different speech acts (specifically questions and imperatives); the unusual semantic denotation of exclamative phrases and their courting to quantifiers denoting excessive measure; the semantics of adjectives and adverbs expressing severe assessment; the shape and interpretation of negated and embedded exclamatives; the homes of optative utterances; and the several ways that expressive contents are on the topic of unforeseen reactions of the speaker, in addition to attainable wisdom shared via interlocutors.
This groundbreaking quantity presents a complete and actual photograph of Spanish exclamation by way of integrating its a number of part parts.
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Additional resources for Advances in the Analysis of Spanish Exclamatives
Que te diviertas! ¡Que pasen! ’ Compound tenses are allowed in the first three types. As pointed out by Sánchez López (2015a, 2015b) only the type in (46a) is factive, since it expresses the speaker’s feeling (almost always negative) on a present or past attested fact. Although desirable on theoretical grounds, it is hard to subsume (46c) and (46d) into a single optative interpretation. On this issue and some other aspects of the readings distinguished in (46), see Dumitrescu (1998), Garrido Medina (1999), Sansiñena, Cornillie, and De Smet (2013), and Sansiñena, De Smet, and Cornillie (2015).
Si estoy callado! ¡Si es una maravilla! ” This variety introduces a justification in a reply or a possible (counter) argumentative reinforcement of the speaker’s position (Contreras, 1960; Porroche, 1998a, 1998b; Schwenter, 1996, 1999, 2012; Montolío, 1999a, 1999b). Sánchez López (2015a, 2015b) argues that it may involve scalarity as well, since by uttering (47b) the speaker rejects all possible alternatives located below some implicit point. This suggests an extension of Zanuttini and Portner’s (2003) widening process to situations (somehow as in the declarative exclamatives above), even if the sentence contains no wh-word.
See also Wiese (2003) and Gutiérrez-â•‰Rexach and Andueza (this volume) on this difference. We might add that “how” and “how much” exclamatives do not seem to be able to differentiate these two interpretations in some situations: if extreme manners of doing something exist, then the pragmatic scales relevant to identify them may not be distinguished from the values provided by adverbs denoting highest or lowest grades for event evaluation according Spanish Exclamatives in Perspectiveâ•… • â•… 41 to properness or standardness.