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The e-book makes a speciality of the most challenging parts of Turkish penal justice: the overreliance on custodial measures and a corresponding progress within the legal inhabitants, and compares Turkey with significant eu international locations during this admire: England and Wales and Germany. The underlying query during the learn is the level to which felony choices should be obvious as actual choices to speedy custodial sentences.
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Extra resources for Alternatives to Imprisonment in England and Wales, Germany and Turkey: A Comparative Study
Pp. 199–226, pp. 199–200. 7 Ruggles-Brise (1925), op. , p. 20, Gr€ unhut, M. (1948) Penal Reform: A Comparative Study, Clarendon Press, Oxford, pp. 96–98, at p. 68, Nutz, T. (2001) Strafanstalt als Besseurungsmachine: Reformdiskurs and Gef€ angniswissenschaft, Oldenbourg, M€unchen, pp. 69–97. 8 Wines, E. C. (1873) Report on the International Penitentiary Congress of London (held July 3–13, 1872), Government Printing, Washington, pp. 98–100. , p. 133, Carpenter, M. (1967) Reformatory Prison Discipline, reprinted from the 1872 edition, Patterson Smith, Montclair, p.
185–186. g. Germain, C. (1954) Post-war Prison Reform in France, Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, vol. 293, pp. 139–151, pp. 150–151. Germanin noted that “during very recent years it has become clear that it would be useful to have a special type of suspension, to which there would be attached both a control over conduct and aid by guidance for certain individuals who, not being subject to a mandatory punishment, need both control and help during a probationary period if they are to be saved from recidivism”.
29 Von Liszt, while acknowledging the significance of the positivist school in terms of widening the horizon of criminal law and introducing scientific methods to this discipline, firmly rejected the Lombrosian concept of inborn criminality or atavistic criminality. g. 31 In his view, however, social factors have a more decisive 26 Lombroso, C. (1902) Die Ursachen und Bek€ ampfung des Verbrechens, Hugo Berm€uhler Verlag, Berlin. 27 Ferri, E. (1896) Das Verbrechen als soziale Erscheinung: Grundz€ uge der Kriminal-Soziologie, Wigand, Leipzig, p.