Animal Research and Ethical Conflict: An Analysis of the by Mary T. Phillips

By Mary T. Phillips

This quantity grew out of a venture to behavior a survey of the medical literature of the U.S. for goods addressing the e. thical and humane problems with animal experimentation. the unique goal of the survey was once to supply packground info for the advance of a collection of consultant­ strains for using animals in learn then in instruction by means of the hot York Academy of Sciences' advert Hoc Committee on Animal examine. ! We quickly discovered, despite the fact that, that the survey constituted a invaluable source in its personal correct. during this e-book we current the result of the literature survey in addition to suitable information regarding its legislative and historic con­ textual content. we are hoping that this fabric should be valuable to biomedical researchers grappling with animal welfare difficulties in addition to to social scientists drawn to tracing the evolution of the 20th-century part of the animal examine controversy. The time span coated through the survey was once chosen to compare the 20-year interval among the passage of the 1st federal Animal Welfare Act in 1966 and the latest laws regulating animal learn, which took impression in the course of 1986. Our research examines this transitional interval in the course of the pages of the medical literature. in the course of those 2 a long time, animal re­ seek within the usa used to be remodeled. Activist animal defense firms catapulted frustrating moral inquiries to nationwide promenade­ inence, throwing the medical community2 into turmoil.

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Extra resources for Animal Research and Ethical Conflict: An Analysis of the Scientific Literature: 1966–1986

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The Amended Animal Welfare Act The 1985 amendments change the Animal Welfare Act in several important ways (see Appendix A for the complete text of the amended Animal Welfare Act): 1. Each research facility covered by the Animal Welfare Act, including federal facilities, is now required to establish an Institutional Animal Committee, composed of not fewer than three members, possessing sufficient ability to assess animal care, treatment, and practices in experimental research with animals. At least one of these members should be a veterinarian, and one should be unaffiliated with the institution and is intended to provide representation of community interests.

The definition of the concept and the process whereby it could be implemented and enforced also took almost 2 decades. 1 gives details of the stages in the development of the concept of assurance by the PHS. In addition to requiring adherence to the provisions of the Animal Welfare Act and the development of assurance by the institution, based on the guide, the new PHS Policy also requires that institutions comply with all other applicable provisions of federal statutes and regulations relating to animals, and be guided by the United States Government Principles for the Utilization and Care of Vertebrate Animals Used in Testing, Research, and Training.

In Chapter 4 we take into account the unequal significance of short news briefs or letters compared to longer, weightier works. Procedures for Conducting the Literature Search Items included in the analysis were located in three ways: by a computerized literature search; by an exhaustive manual search of five selected journals; and by following leads in references, footnotes, and bibliographies. The major databases used in the computer search were Index Medicus, Excerpta Medica, Biological Abstracts, Psychological Abstracts, and the Social Sciences Citation Index.

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